Impact Of Work Posture On Musculoskeletal Disorder In Nurses
Keywords:Musculoskeletal disorders Work posture
The problem of nurses in hospitalization is complaining of back pain, and stiff neck. Often nurses experience pain so that work productivity is not optimal. Ergonomics or posture errors at work cause health problems such as low back pain. During the process of providing nursing care, nurses often use non-ergonomic and constant body postures such as bending, lifting patients, moving patients, installing catheters, installing infusions and other independent actions and collaboration for a long time so that there is a risk of low back pain or back pain. The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of work posture on musculoskeletal disorders in nurses. The research design used in this study is an association research using a cross sectional approach. The research sample was 30 nurses at Jember Lung Hospital. The sampling technique uses total sampling. Using the Nordic Body Map questionnaire and the RULA (rapid upper limb assessment) method. The analysis test used Spearmen rank correlation with p <0.000. The results showed that the work posture for musculoskeletal disorders showed r value of 1.000 and p value of 0.000. That there is a very strong relationship between work posture and musculoskeletal disorders. Imperfect posture in nurses causes musculoskeletal complaints in the mild category. At work postures with medium and high categories, improvements are needed so as not to cause bigger complaints.