The Relation Between Stress Level During Study From Home (SFH) And Menstrual Cycle On University Students Of Regular Midwifery Department Program At STIKES Karya Husada Kediri
Keywords:Stress Level, Menstrual Cycle, University Students
Menstruation is a sign of female sexual maturity that first occurs at puberty. Menstrual cycles are ideally regular every month with a span of 21-35 days on each menstrual period. The menstrual cycle is influenced by many things, one of them is stress level. The most common stress experienced by students is academic stress, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic which requires students to study from home. The objective of this study was to determine whether there is a relation between stress level during Study From Home (SFH) and the menstrual cycle in undergraduate students of Regular Midwifery Department Program at STIKES Karya Husada Kediri.
This study used a correlational analytic method, examining the relation between independent variable (stress level) and the dependent variable (menstrual cycle) with a cross-sectional approach. The research was carried out on July 29 to August 30, 2021 at STIKES Karya Husada Kediri. The population consisted of 31 respondents. The sample used was 29 respondents with purposive sampling technique. The instrument in this study used a questionnaire and data analysis used the Spearman Rho test.
Based on the Spearman Rho. test, it obtained p value = 0.154 (> = 0.005) and r value = 0.272, which means there is no significant relation between stress level during Study From Home and the menstrual cycle.
In a stressed state, the hypothalamus releases the hormone CRH which will stimulate the release of endorphins and ACTH hormones, causing blood cortisol levels to increase and indirectly lowering GnRH levels and causing menstrual cycle disorders, but there are also other factors including weight, physical activity, diet, environmental exposure, working conditions, menstrual process synchronization, and endocrine disorders that may have important roles in maintaining menstrual pattern to remain normal.