Characteristics of Stroke Patients in Outpatient: An Analytical Descriptive
Keywords:Stroke Characteristics, Risk Factors, Outpatient
Background: Characteristics of the population are influenced lifestyle due to changes in demographics, epidemiology, and local culture there is a risk of behavior that is detrimental to health. This study aims to determine the characteristics of stroke patients in outpatient settings.
Methods: The study using a descriptive-analytic. The population was patients diagnosed with stroke in the Outpatient Unit of RSUD dr. Soegiri Lamongan in June-July 2019. The sample size was 46 patients with consecutive sampling. Data was collected from interviews with patients or patient families and based on medical records. Patients criteria for interviewed have an MMSE score of 24-30. Analysis data used descriptive statistics and Logistic Regression tests.
Results: The results showed the characteristics of stroke patients 57.6% aged 40-59 years, 50% male patients, no education to school 30.4%, non-hemorrhagic stroke 83.7%, patients with left hemiparesis 51.1%, risk factors for hypertension 85.9%, and patients never been exposed to information about stroke as much as 79.6%. Patients with diabetes mellitus have a risk of 9.6 times, and patients with smoke habits had to risk of 3.9 times to occur a non-hemorrhagic stroke.
Conclusions: The concluding study is that non-hemorrhagic stroke is the dominant type of stroke in the Lamongan Regency. History of Diabetes Mellitus and smoking habits significantly influence the occurrence of non-hemorrhagic stroke.