Progressive Relaxation To Changes In Blood Pressure And Sleep Quality In Ladies Of Hypertension Patients


  • Soni Patriot Wira Atmanegara STRADA
  • Byba Melda Suhita
  • Nurdina


Progressive Muscle Relaxation, Blood Pressure, Sleep Quality


Background:Hypertension is one of the leading causes of premature death worldwide. In 2020 about 1.56 billion adults will live with hypertension. Hypertension kills nearly 8 billion people every year in the world and nearly 1.5 million people annually in the East-South Asia region. One of the factors that affect blood pressure indirectly is poor sleep quality. One of the ways to deal with high blood pressure is progressive relaxation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of progressive relaxation on changes in blood pressure and sleep quality in elderly people with hypertension.

Methods: This study is a literature review. The literature sources are Google Scholar, Research Gate, Pubmed. Literature is obtained using keywords and Boolean operators (AND, OR NOT or AND NOT) and in accordance with the inclusion criteria so that 9 articles were obtained. The strategy used is using PICOS.

Results: Progressive muscle relaxation has a significant effect on reducing blood pressure in the elderly with hypertension. The implementation of progressive muscle relaxation has an effect on improving the quality of sleep in the elderly.

Conclusion: Progressive muscle relaxation can affect changes in blood pressure and improve sleep quality in elderly people with hypertension. It is hoped that medical personnel will also use progressive muscle relaxation techniques in addition to taking drugs.