Effect of Self Efficacy, Positive Belief and Social Support on Post-Trauma Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Postpartum Mother at Kediri District
Introduction: Childbirth is a stressfull event, frequently labor can result PTSD in post partum period. The impact of post partum PTSD is a bonding issue between mother and baby that can affect the mother's ability to adapt to her new role. To cope chilbearing period mother need an adequate coping source that includes self efficacy, positive belief and social support. The study describe the effect of self efficacy, positive belief and social support on occurrence post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD) in postpartum period.
Method: The study used cross sectional design. The sampling technique was purposive sampling and the numbers of samples were 92 respondents. The instruments for evaluate PTSD and coping was Modified PPQ, PMP-SE, PPSS and PBRS.
Result: Pearson correlation test showed that all variables have p value <0,05, which means that all variables have effect on occurrence post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD) in postpartum period. Linear Regression Test showed that positive belief with R square -0.850 is the variable that most contribute on occurrence post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD) than the others in negative impact.
Conclusion: All variables have contribution, but positive belief has the most significant influence on occurrence post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD) in negative relationship. Therapeutic Activity Therapy in primary setting is needed to help pregnant women develop positive belief in preparing labor.