Empowerment of Pregnant Woman to Increase ANC Behavior Through Social Capital Theory in Early Detection of Preeclampsia in Kediri East Java

  • Katmini Katmini Stikes Bhakti Mulia
Keywords: Social Capital, ANC Pregnant Mother


Background: Ante Natal Care is one of the efforts of empowerment in the field of health, especially on the health of pregnant women. High maternal mortality (MMR) is a major problem in Indonesia. The World Health Report recognizes that Ante natal care treatments are capable of improving maternal and perinatal health aimed at improving the health and survival of infants.1 The purpose of this study is to analyze empowerment to improve ANC behavior through social capital theory in early detection of preeclampsia in Kediri  East Java

Subjects and Methods: Type of study was observational study with case control study approach. It was conducted on October 11, 2016 to March 8, 2017 in Kediri Regency, East Java, Indonesia. The sample was selected by fixed disease sampling, with a ratio of 1: 3 for case and control subjects, a total of 160 subjects, ie 40 case group samples and 120 control group samples. The variables in the research are Social networking, reciprocal norm, trust and regularity of ANC. The data was collected by questionnaires technique. Data were analyzed by Logistic Regression Analysis using SPSS program.

Result: There is a significant relationship between social networking (OR = 0.39, CI = 0.17-0.90; p = 0.028), Reciprocal Norm (OR = 0.34; CI = 0.14-0.80; p = 0.014), trust (OR = 0.36; CI = 0.15-0.85; p = 0.020) with ANC regularity.

Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between social networking, reciprocal Norms, and trust with ANC behavior in early detection of preeclampsia