Relationship Parenting Parents with the Ability Personal Hygiene (Oral Hygiene) Children Mental Retardation in SLB-C Dharma Wanita Pare Kediri
Background: Maintaining personal hygiene in children with mental retardation are needed especially oral hygiene are closely related to oral health, it is often found in people with mental retardation are dental caries and periodontal disease. The role of parents in helping mentally retarded child's ability in maintaining personal hygiene is the implementation parenting practiced in parenting.
Method : The design that used in this research is correlational analytic (correlational study), and the research design used "cross-sectional". Total sampling obtained a sample of 30 respondents. The instrument used was a questionnaire sheet parenting parents questionnaire and checklist for the ability of personal hygiene (oral hygiene) mentally retarded children.
Results : Results of research conducted on 30 respondents based parenting that democratic criteria as much as 24 respondents (80%), the characteristics respondents based on the ability personal hygiene (oral hygiene) mentally retarded child with a democratic obtained sufficient criteria 9 respondents (30%), permissive with sufficient criteria 3 respondents (10%), authoritarian with sufficient criteria 1 respondent (3.3%). Analysis showed with statistical test Contingency Coeffecient that significant value ρ = 0,000 <α = 0.05 so that H1 is accepted which means that there is a relationship parenting parents with the ability of personal hygiene (oral hygiene) in children with mental retardation in SLB-C Dharma Wanita Pare 2015, with a 0.778 coefficient value of a strong relationship level.
Conclusion : Parenting parents can have an impact on the ability of personal hygiene (oral hygiene) mentally retarded children. It is recommended to parents who have children with mental retardation for the institution to be applied during the process of learning in students of nursing the child, especially the ability of personal hygiene (oral hygiene) in children with mental retardation.