The Effect of Hypnotherapy to the Changes of Stress Level to Odha (person who has been diagnosed HIV/AIDS) in the KDS Friendship Plus Kediri
Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) becomes the main problem of global community health in which more than 34 million people die (WHO, 2015). When someone has been diagnosed Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), he/she will have psychological problems which are signed by feeling rejecting, angry, shocked, and depressed. These psychological symptoms can make the diagnosed person becomes more stress in passing his/her rest life (Depkes. 2014). The burdens of diagnosed AIDS patients both because of the organic effect of AIDS and psychosocial, can cause the feeling of worried, depressed, unconfident, hopeless, and even the desire of committing suicide (Sriati, 2013). Based on the above explanations, the researcher is interested in doing the advanced research about the effect of hypnotherapy to the changes of stress level to ODHA (person who has been diagnosed HIV/AIDS) in the KDS friendship plus Kediri.
Subject and method: This research was experimental research using randomized controlled trial (RCT) design. This strategy was one of many research strategies which made both groups equal by allocating the subjects randomly (randomized) (RCT) (Murti, 2013). According to Rajagopalan (2013), randomized controlled trial (RCT) design was an observation study which the population subject was taken randomly and allocated in groups. The quantity of population was taken 30 persons for intervention group (using hypnotherapy) and 30 persons for control group (without hypnotherapy). The instrument measurement used was questionnaire from Lovinbond, which was done before and after having hypnotherapy. After that, the data was processed by using t-test independent SPSS.
Result: The result showed that p value was 0,962. It meant that there is no effect of hypnotherapy to stress when pretest was done. This research result also showed that the mean were 20,00 for intervention group and 20,07 for the control group. The condition was different when the post test was done, the p value was <0,001. It meant that there is an effect of hypnotherapy to stress.
Summary: from the result explanation, it can be concluded that there is an effect of hypnotherapy to stress level. The person has been suffered HIV/AIDS experienced stress level lowering.