Relationship Between Age and Gravidity with Pre-eclampsia Incident among Pregnant Women at Puskesmas Cukir Jombang

  • Mukhoirotin Mukhoirotin Universitas Pesantren Tinggi Darul Ulum
  • Diah Ayu Fatmawati
  • Nurlaila Shofiana
Keywords: Age, Gravidity, Pre-eclampsia


Pre-eclampsia is a disease that caused of maternal death. Age and Gravidity are predisposing factors that caused pre-eclampsia. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between age and Gravidity with pre-eclampsia incidence among Pregnant Women at Puskesmas Cukir Jombang. This research used retrospective approach with case control design. The study was conducted at Puskesmas Cukir Jombang in June 2015. The population were all Pregnant Women who assessed in Puskesmas Cukir Jombang, the sample of this study was 30 respondents who met with inclusion and exclusion criteria. Purposive sampling technique used to collect the samples. Independent variable in this research was age and Gravidity, dependent variable was Pre-eclampsia. The instrument of this study used questionnaire, the data were analyzed using Chi Square test and regression logistic with α≤0,05. The results showed that there was correlation between age and incidence of preeclampsia with p = 0,00 (p ≤ α). Moreover, there was correlation between parity and pre-eclamsia with p = 0,00 (p ≤ α). However, the dominant factor with preeclampsia in this study was gravidity= 0.013, OR = 20.68). Pregnant women with age and Gravidity were more high risk to getting pre-eclamsia, so they should perform ANC regularly so it can be done early and prevent preeclampsia.