Effectiveness of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Exercise in Reducing Elderly Anxiety in Social Institution of UPT PSLU Blitar Tulungagung

  • Prima Dewi Kusumawati STIKes Surya Mitra Husada Kediri
  • Sutrisno Sutrisno
Keywords: Progressive muscle relaxation, Anxiety, Elderly


Anxiety in the elderly is the most common thing. Most of the elderly experience anxiety as we get older. Psychological problems are often found in the elderly. Psychological factors include feeling bored, tired or feeling depressed. Progressive muscle relaxation techniques are deep muscle relaxation techniques that do not require imagination, strength or suggestion. Progressive muscle relaxation techniques focus on a muscle activity by identifying strained muscles and then reducing tension by doing relaxation techniques to get a relaxed feeling. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation exercises in reducing elderly anxiety in the Social Institution of UPT PSLU Blitar Tulungagung.
Research design used One Group Pre Test-Post Test. The population was elderly residents of the Social Institution UPT PSLU Blitar Tulungagung with purposive sampling technique. Samples in this study some elderly residents of Social Institutions UPT PSLU Blitar Tulungagung which met the inclusion and exclusion criteria of 50 people. Data collection was done with observation and quesion sheets, research data were analyzed by paired sample T test.
The results showed that from 50 respondents mostly before being given progressive muscle training from 50 respondents, most of them after being given progressive muscle training at UPT PSLU Blitar - Tulungagung experienced moderate anxiety as many as 28 people (56%) and after Progressive Muscle Exercises from 50 respondents most experienced moderate anxiety as many as 28 people (56%) From the results of the t test analysis known based on the sig value of 0.000, H0 is rejected, meaning that there are differences in elderly anxiety in social care institutions before and after relaxation. Differences in anxiety levels before and after relaxation are decreased by 1,320.
Anxiety can occur due to stress or fear experienced by respondents. This anxiety can be reduced by relaxing or calming the mind of the respondent. And one way to calm the mind in the elderly is by Progressive Muscle Relaxation.