Phase 1 Cardiac Rehabilitation’s Improving Quality of Life Patient Acute Myocardial Infarction in Instalation Intensive Care
Background: Painful or healthy condition is an interaction between three aspects, namely biological, psychological, and social. The prevalence of AMI (Acute Myocardial Infarction) patients is increasing every year, and is a major health problem right now. AMI causes discomfort and decline in body function that affects physical and psycho spiritual and social phenomena, which can affect the quality of life. This study aims to study the effect of quality of life of acute myocardial infarction patients with cardiac phase rehabilitation at IPI Kediri Baptist Hospital.
Method: This research uses Quantitative method with Quasi Experimental research design with Posttest Design. The sample was taken by using quota sampling technique with the number of samples 40 Respondents divided into 2 ie control group 20 and group treatment 20. Data collection with cardiac rehabilitation training and questionnaire MacNew QLMI previously tested the validity and reliability. Analysis of this research data using Independent Test Samples T-test.
Result: The result of statistical test using Independent Test Sample T-Test with 5% significant level obtained t-count value equal to 8.28 with sig (p) = 0,000. There was a significant difference (p <0.05) of patient's quality of life with Acute Miocardial Infarction in the intervention and control group after performing phase 1 cardiac rehabilitation.
Conclusions: Patients AMI who performed phase 1 cardiac rehabilitation had better quality of life compared to those who did not perform cardiac phase rehabilitation.