THE CORRELATION BETWEEN ENERGY AND PROTEIN CONSUMPTION LEVELS WITH GROSS MOTOR DEVELOPMENT OF UNDERNOURISHED CHILDREN AGED 6-24 MONTH
Gross motor skill is an important aspects of children’s development pattern. The period of rapid development occurs in children aged 6-24 months. Children need energy and protein for optimal growth and development. Nutrient consumption effect children’s developmental disorder preceded by declining nutritional status. The prevalence of children’s malnutrition increased from 17.9% (2010) to 19.6% (2013). To determine relationship between the level of energy and protein consumption with gross motor development of under nourished children. This was done using quantitative method with an analytic observational study with cross sectional design. The subjects were 48 malnourished children aged 6-24 months and their parents, male and female, who attended Puskesmas Sumbersari. Denver II was used to obtain gross motor development of children, a 2 x 24 hour food recall was used to obtain data on energy and protein consumption levels, whereas the data on nutritional status were measured by weight and age of the children. Data were analyzed with Spearman's rank and Chi-Square test. The findings shows no association between the energy consumption levels (p = 0.467) and protein consumption levels (p = 0.258) with the development of gross motor skills. Meanwhile, there were a significant correlation (PR = 11.2; CI = 95%: 2381-52683; p = 0.002) between the mother's occupation with gross motor development of children. The level of energy and protein consumption do not have a significant correlation with gross motor development of undernourished children. However, mothers who are not working have 11.2 times the odds of having a child with normal gross motor development.