THE EFFECT OF CONSUMING WATERMELON RIND EXTRACT (CITRULLUS LANATUS) TOWARD THE DECREASING OF BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS ON DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS IN WERU - PACIRAN - LAMONGAN
Diabetic is a cronic disease that characterized by hyperglycemic. This disease is a problem that often occurs in the society, with their high blood sugar levels. One way to control blood sugar levels is by pharmacological and non-pharmacological. One of the ways is using the essence of watermelon rind juice/extract (Citrullus Lanatus), because rind extract of watermelon contains citrulline that produces nitric oxide, which nitric oxide is capable of lowering blood glucose. The purpose of this research is to know the effect of watermelon rind extract (Citrullus Lanatus) toward the decreasing of sugar levels of diabetic patients in Weru, Paciran, Lamongan. The method used in this research is quasy eksperimental using pre test and post test design. Population in this research is all diabetic patients in Togosadang Health Center, Weru, Paciran, Lamongan at October. The population is 31 patients with the sample is 28 patients. The sampling technique used is simple random sampling. The instrument is Glukotest. The method to analyze the data is using paired t-test with α = 0,005. The result of this research is that the patients in treatment group given watermelon rind extract get decreasing in their blood sugar levels attaining 10 of them(71,4%) anf they who get increasing in ther blood sugar levels reaching 4 of them (28,6%). But in the control groups not given watermelon rind extract do not get decreasing on their blood sugar levels, none of them (100%). It measured using paired t tets α 0,05 with significan 0,000 (p < 0,05). From this result, we can conclude that there is effect of consuming watermelon rind extract to the diabetic patients in Weru to decrease their blood sugar levels. Based on the result of this research, it can be concluded that to control blood sugar levels is by combining pharmacology medicine with herbal medicines, one of the ways is by using watermelon rind extract (Citrullus lanatus).