The Correlation of Preeclampsia and Neonatal Outcome in Kediri Hospital
Preeclampsia is a specific condition of pregnancy where hypertension occurs after 20 week in women who previously had normal blood pressure. Preeclampsia may decrease uteroplacental perfusion and decrease blood flow and ischemia. Reduced blood flow to the placenta results in impaired placental function, which may interfere with fetal growth and development including LBW, asphyxia and premature births.
The purpose of this study to determine the correlation between preeclampsia and neonatal outcome. The type of research used correlative analysis with the sample of maternal mother with history of preeclampsia in pregnancy at Kediri Hospital as much 50 respondents taken from hospital medical record according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Retrieval of data obtained through medical record data.
Result of analysis by using Chi-Square Test with level of error (a) 0,05 on each variable. The result of analysis showed that there was significant correlation between preeclampsia and LBW and Prematurity with significance value 0,035 and 0,006 for prematurity variable, its means less than α = 0.05 (p <0.05) so it can be concluded that there is relation between preeclampsia with LBW and prematurity. While on asphyxia variable value of significance 0.072 more than α = 0.05 (p> 0.05) which shows no relation of preeclampsia with degree of asphyxia.
The incidence of Preeclampsia in pregnant women is associated with fetal outcome (neonatal outcome), such as BBLR, Asphyxia and Premature. Therefore need for early detection of preeclampsia events and regular monitoring of fetal welfare.