The Effectiveness of Breast Milk (ASI) in the Release of the Umbilical Cord in Newborns
The umbilical cord is a channel that must be cut and tied or clamped after the baby is born, because it is no longer needed. The remainder of this umbilical cord should be properly treated to prevent longer umbilical cord release, the risk of infection and even tetanus neonatorum (TN) resulting in death in neonates. Breast Milk (ASI) is the best and most complete source of nutrition for babies, because it contains IgA antibodies, anti-infective agents, and anti-inflammatory. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of breast milk (ASI) in the release of the umbilical cord in newborns. This research a experimental analytic research with random control trial design (RCT). The population in this study were all newborns born in BPM Ratna Tulungagung District on March 1 to May 18, 2017, obtained 30 respondents, divided into 15 respondents treatment group and 15 respondents group control. The measuring instrument uses an observation sheet to determine the release time of the umbilical cord. Data analysis techniques, the characteristics of continuous data sample data are described in n, mean, SD, minimum and maximum. To determine 2 unpaired samples having different mean values tested statistically with independent t test. The results showed that there was a mean difference between the two groups that was statistically significant with a p value of 0,000 which means that umbilical cord care is more effective if using breast milk because the umbilical cord release is faster. It is necessary to socialize cord care program by using breast milk.